Guide to Hand foot and mouth disease in kids
Hand, foot, and mouth disease in kids (HFMD) is a viral infection that primarily affects infants and children. It is caused by the Coxsackie virus, and it can lead to a range of symptoms, including a fever, sore throat, and rash. This article will cover the symptoms of HFMD, the stages of the disease, and the treatment options available.
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Symptoms
The symptoms of HFMD usually begin with a fever, sore throat, and a general feeling of being unwell. After a day or two, small, painful blisters can develop in the mouth and on the hands and feet. These blisters can be accompanied by a rash on the legs, arms, and buttocks.
The blisters and rash can be quite uncomfortable, making it difficult for children to eat and drink. The blisters can also be very contagious, and it is important to take precautions to prevent the spread of the virus.
Stages of Hand Foot and Mouth Disease
HFMD typically progresses through several stages. The first stage is characterised by a fever and general feeling of being unwell. This is followed by the appearance of blisters in the mouth, on the hands, and on the feet. The blisters can be quite painful, and they can make it difficult for children to eat and drink.
After a few days, the blisters begin to heal, and a rash can develop on the legs, arms, and buttocks. The rash can last for up to a week before it begins to fade. In most cases, HFMD is a self-limiting illness, and the symptoms will resolve on their own within 7-10 days.
Treatment of Hand Foot and Mouth Disease
There is no specific treatment for HFMD, but there are several things you can do to help alleviate the symptoms. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as crocin drops can help to reduce fever and relieve pain. It is also important to encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Wash your hands thoroughly after touching your child's bodily fluids. ...
- Make sure your child doesn't share items such as cutlery, water bottles, drinking cups, towels, toothbrushes or clothes.
- Keep your child at home, do not send him/her to school, kindergarten or child care until all the fluid in their blisters has dried.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Is HFMD contagious?
A: Yes, HFMD is highly contagious. It is spread through contact with bodily fluids, such as saliva or mucus, as well as through contact with contaminated surfaces.
Q: How long does it take for HFMD to go away?
A: In most cases, HFMD will go away on its own within 7-10 days.
Q: Can adults get HFMD?
A: Yes, adults can get HFMD, but it is more common in children.
Q: How can I prevent the spread of HFMD?
A: To prevent the spread of HFMD, it is important to practice good hygiene. This includes washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with infected individuals, and disinfecting surfaces that may be contaminated with the virus.
Q: Should I keep my child home from school if they have HFMD?
A: Yes, it is important to keep your child home from school or daycare until their symptoms have resolved. This can help to prevent the spread of the virus to other children.
HFMD is a common viral infection that primarily affects infants and children. It is characterized by a fever, sore throat, and the development of blisters in the mouth, on the hands, and on the feet. While there is no specific treatment for HFMD, there are several things you can do to help alleviate the symptoms and prevent the spread of the virus. If you suspect that your child may have HFMD, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider to provide appropriate care and treatment. While HFMD is typically a self-limiting illness, it can be more severe in certain cases, particularly in immunocompromised individuals or those with other underlying health conditions. If you are concerned about your child's symptoms or if they are not improving, it is important to seek medical attention.
Overall, HFMD is a relatively common childhood illness that can be managed with supportive care and good hygiene practices. By taking steps to prevent the spread of the virus and ensuring that your child receives appropriate care, you can help to minimize the impact of HFMD and ensure a speedy recovery.